Sustainability Assessment of Nuclear Power: An Integrated Approach


Academic Partners

Principal Investigator and Consortium Director

Professor Adisa Azapagic, School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, The University of Manchester

Adisa is Professor of Sustainable Chemical Engineering in the School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science. She is leading the Sustainable Industrial Systems group ( comprising 25 post-doctoral researchers and PhD students.

Adisa's research interests include sustainable technology, sustainable production and consumption, life cycle assessment, carbon footprinting, and corporate sustainability. She has published widely in these areas, including three books.

Over the past five years she has led on a number of research projects, including four major research consortia:

  • Pollutants in the Urban Environment (PUrE), £2m project funded by EPSRC under the Sustainable Urban Environment Programme;
  • Pollutants in the Urban Environment: An Integrated Framework for Improving Sustainability of the Indoor Environment (PUrE Intrawise), £2.3m project funded by EPSRC under the Sustainable Urban Environment Programme;
  • Carbon Calculation of Industrial Activities over the Life Cycle (CCaLC), £1m project funded by the Carbon Trust, EPSRC and NERC under the Carbon Vision Industry Programme; and
  • Sustainability Assessment of Nuclear Power: An Integrated Approach (SPRIng), £2.3m project funded by EPSRC and ESRC under the Energy Programme.

Adisa has held a number of fellowships and honorary appointments, some of which include fellowships from the Royal Academy of Engineering, UNESCO and the Erskine Visiting Fellowship from the University of Canterbury in New Zealand.

Tel: +44 (0)161 3064363


Professor Kevin Anderson, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, The University of Manchester

Kevin Anderson is the Research Director of Tyndall-Manchester's Energy and Climate Change programme and manager of the Tyndall Centre's energy pathways to global decarbonisation programme.

Kevin is based in the Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering at the University of Manchester and is an honorary lecturer in Environmental Management at the Manchester Business School. As Director of the Energy and Climate Change programme, Kevin has responsibility for leading specific energy-related research projects and integrating these and others to provide a systems view of low-carbon energy pathways. Managing and understanding the linkages between the disparate projects demands a genuinely interdisciplinary approach, synthesising, for example, highly technical electrical power systems research with conceptually demanding interpretations of equity and carbon emissions.

Kevin came to the field of environmental research through a rather unorthodox route, both in terms of a diverse academic history and with 12 years industrial experience as a mechanical engineer in the petrochemical industry. Consequently, he has both a practical understanding of the scientific and technical characterisation of the climate change debate, in addition to being conversant with the sometimes more challenging visions of the environment as a social construct existing within cultural and political, as well as scientific and engineering, domains.

Tel: +44 (0) 161 306 3701

Professor Gregg Butler, School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, The University of Manchester

With a background in all things nuclear, from front line research and operations management through to leadership in change programmes and Board level responsibility, Gregg, brings substantial, strategic and executive experience to the team. 

He is tenacious and provides innovation and intellectual rigour coupled with the knowledge of what will work in the 'real’ world and how to make it happen.

Gregg has previously served as Deputy Chief Executive of BNFL, Director of UK Nirex, was a member of the Radioactive Waste Management Advisory Committee (RWMAC), Managing Director of Pangea Resources Australia Pty Ltd, Chairman of Westlakes Scientific Consulting, and is currently Director of Integrated Decision Management (IDM) Ltd.

Gregg is interested in innovating and developing novel decision methodologies and has advised UK regulators, the Ministry of Defence, BNFL and the DTI.  As Professor of Science in Sustainable Development at the University of Manchester, Gregg has a deep-seated interest in examining the interaction between regulation, sustainability, stakeholder acceptability and the consequent development of public policy.

Tel: +44 (0)161 275 3819


Professor Simon French, Manchester Business School, The University of Manchester

Simon studied mathematics at OxfordUniversity and then researched for a DPhil in molecular biology or, to be precise, he applied Bayesian statistical thinking to the interpretation of X-Ray cristalographic data on proteins.  He left Oxford to become lecturer in decision theory at the University of Manchester, and subsequently Senior Lecturer in Statistics.  In 1988 he was appointed Professor of Operational Research and Information Systems at the University of Leeds.  Returning to Manchester in 1996, he transferred into ManchesterBusinessSchool in 1999 and is currently Professor of Information and Decision Sciences.

In 1990 he was a member of the International Chernobyl Project.

He was elected to be an honorary external member of the Spanish Real Academia de Ciencias: Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales in 2002.  His professional qualifications include CMath, CStat and CEng.

Tel: +44 (0)161 275 6401


Professor Sydney Howell, Manchester Business School, The University of Manchester

Sydney Howell read English at Cambridge and gained industrial experience with Alcan, Ranks Hovis McDougall and Philips Electronic Components before completing his PhD at Manchester Business School (MBS) on forecasting for inventory control. He joined MBS to teach Management Accounting and Control, including applied multivariate statistics. He spent a two year secondment at IBM's school of International Finance, Planning and Administration in Brussels in the 1980s, and has continued to teach for IBM at intervals since, in a total of 12 countries.  

For MBS's executive and corporate teaching he has been closely involved in designing, negotiating and/or delivering multi-million pound ventures with Arthur Andersen, IBM, Tesco and BP. He has also worked with Banking, Insurance and Legal companies. Two of his practitioner books have been translated, respectively into into Italian and Chinese.

In recent years he has been drawn into energy research, chiefly the modelling of wind and other renewables, using the mathematics of finance as a fast way to model the dynamics of physical storage systems. For this work he collaborates with the School of Mathematics, and with engineers at ImperialCollege and BP Alternative Energy.

Tel: +44 (0)161 275 6405


Professor Philip Thomas, Centre for Risk Management, City University, London

 Philip Thomas is Professor of Engineering Development and a Director of City University’s Centre for Risk Management, Reliability and Maintenance.  Following five years spent with ICI improving the control of large chemical plants, he moved into engineering management with the Atomic Energy Authority where he was responsible amongst other things for the green-field decommissioning of the Windscale AGR, the UK’s first major nuclear power-station decommissioning project.  

 His research interests cover control, instrumentation, nuclear decommissioning, project management and risk assessment, and he has published a book and over 100 papers and articles on technical topics. 

The Institute of Measurement and Control awarded  him its ICI Prize in 1984, 1987 and 1997.  He was presented with the 2004 Honeywell International Medal for distinguished work in control, including the new J-value method for objective assessment of health and safety spending.  Prof. Thomas was President of the Institute of Measurement and Control in 2001.  He was Chairman of the Nuclear Academia-Industry Liaison Society 2003 – 2006 and currently sits on the Academic Board of the Royal Navy's Nuclear Department.  He sits on the Editorial Board of "Process Safety and Environmental Protection", Official Journal of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering: Part B.

Tel: +44 (0) 20 7040 8110


Professor John Simpson, Mountbatten Centre for International Studies, The University of Southampton

John Simpson is an expert of international standing on the evolution of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and other international mechanisms to prevent nuclear proliferation.  His work at the Mountbatten Centre also covers British nuclear history; missile proliferation and control; nuclear futures; and sustainable nuclear energy. 

He gained his PhD in 1976 for a thesis on weapon procurement issues. He became Professor of International Relations at the University of Southampton in 1990, and has also held a range of positions outside the university.  These include representing the UK on the UN Secretary-General's Study Group on Conventional Disarmament 1982-4; membership of the UK delegation to the UNESCO General Conference 1985; membership of the UN Secretary-General's Advisory Board for Disarmament Matters 1992-8; co-founder and Programme Director of the Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation (PPNN) (1987-2002); advisor to the UK delegation to NPT Preparatory Committee Sessions and Review Conferences (1999-present). 

He is a member of the Strategy Group of the Monterey Institute's James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies and has been involved in the launch of the IAEA's new initiative to rethink nuclear fuel cycle issues. He will serve as a member of The Royal Society's Group on Scientific Aspects of International Security for a three-year term from 1 January 2008 until 31 December 2010. He was a member of the UK Royal Society working group which published a study on the Future Management of Separated Plutonium in the UK in September 2007.

Professor Simpson was awarded the OBE in 1999 for services to nuclear non-proliferation.

Tel: +44 (0)23 8059 2522


Professor Gerry Stoker, Centre for Citizenship and Democracy, The University of Southampton

Professor Stoker’s main research interests are in governance, democratic politics, local and regional governance, urban politics, public participation and public service reform. Professor Stoker was the founding Chair of the New Local Government Network that was the think tank of the year in 2004 and his most recent book ‘Why Politics Matters’ won the 2006 political book of the year award from the Political Studies Association of the UK.

From April 2002 Professor Stoker has been heading up the major Government -funded five-year evaluation of the new constitutional and standard arrangements introduced into local government in the UK by the 2000 Local Government Act (see for research reports and publications).

 In January 2004 Professor Stoker won a prestigious research award from the ESRC as a Professorial Fellow. The award will run until 31 December 2007 under the theme of ‘The Principles of Governance: Corporate and Political’ Together with Vasudha Chhotray Professor Stoker is preparing a major new book on governance theory and its application in a range of disciplines.

The question of how to engage citizens more effectively is a key area of research for Professor Stoker and colleagues. A book on Re-energizing Citizenship in 2007 addresses these issues. In several research papers by written by Professor Stoker and colleagues he advocates the use of experimental methods to test out what works in this area.

Tel: +44(0)23 8059 4756


Technical Advisor

Dr Paul Howarth, Dalton Nuclear Institute, The University of Manchester

Paul Howarth is Director of Research at the Dalton Nuclear Institute, the University of Manchester where he is responsible for growing the University’s research capability and leading on new initiatives such as establishing the new Centre for Nuclear Energy Technology, and involvement in the National Nuclear Laboratory. With close links into nuclear industry stakeholders, UK Government and EU Commission, Paul has been involved/led new national initiatives in nuclear R&D totalling almost £40m. 

Prior to this he worked for BNFL in a number of senior management positions associated with technology strategy, capability management and research. Recently, he was Programme Director for the UK’s contribution to international Advanced Reactor Research programmes and also has been heavily involved with Government policy associated with Keeping the Nuclear Option Open and also the run up to the Nuclear Consultation exercise in 2006/7. He has been responsible for developing the BNFL Group Technology Plan covering £200m of investment in R&D across fuel cycle, reactors and waste management businesses. 

Paul has also headed up technical operations at the Berkeley site, worked in Japan on the nuclear fuel programme and involved in BNFL New Business Ventures. He is a member of the UK’s Fusion Advisory Board, Board Member of the Northwest Development Agency’s Energy R&D Centre, invited expert to assess the EU Commission’s EURATOM programmes and previously sat on steering committees associated with establishing the National Skills Academy for Nuclear, the Research Councils Nuclear R&D Advisory Group and the EU Nuclear Fission Technology Platform.  

Tel: +44(0)161 275 4431

 University of Manchester  City University  University of Southampton